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Reference Reading Workshop (Examples)
Appendix: How to cite from the Internet

        



References
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Reference Reading Workshop

from Bryan Coleborne
The examples which are discussed below have been taken from work published in NUCB Journal of Language, Culture and Communication, Vol. 1, No. 2, May 1999.

1. From William Acton, ‘Lafcadio Hearn: Middle School English Language Instructor’, pp.8-9.

References
A journal article

Baldwin, D. (1989). Professor Hearn’s teaching methods. Kinran Women’s Junior
 College Research Bulletin, 20.

A book with an author

Hasegawa, Y. (1997). The life and times of Setsu Koizumi, Lafcadio Hearn’s Japanese
 wife. Folkstone, Kent, UK: Global Oriental Press.
Koizumi, K. (1935). Father and I: Memories of Lafcadio Hearn. New York: Houghton
 Mifflin Co.
Stevenson, E. (1961). Lafcadio Hearn. New York: Houghton Mifflin.

A book with an editor

Hirakawa, S. (Ed.). (1993). Rediscovering Lafcadio Hearn: Japanese legends, life and  culture. Folkstone, Kent, UK: Global Oriental Press.

A book with more than one editor

Sakikawa, N. and Nishiyama, M. (Eds.). (1990). Lafcadio Hearn as an English
 teacher. Tokyo: New Currents International, Co. Ltd.

A book by one person with another person as the editor

Hearn, L. (1925). Some new letters and writings of Lafcadio Hearn. Ed. S. Ichikawa,
 Tokyo: Tokyo University Press.

A book which has been republished

Hearn, L. (1904). Japan: An attempt at interpretation. Tokyo: Tuttle, 1959.

Hearn, L. (1894). Glimpses of unfamiliar Japan. Tokyo: Tuttle, 1976.
 
 
Example Bibliography
American Psychological Association. (1994). Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. 4th ed. Washington, D.C.: APA.

Calcari S. "The Scout Report." Internet Scout Project. 1994-1997. http://wwwscout.cs.wisc.edu/scout/report/ (10 July 1997).
Campbell K. "AltaVista" Tips on popular search engines. March 1997
<http://www.hamline.edu/library/bush/handouts/slahandout.htm> (8 July 1997).

Ciolek M. <tmciolek@coombs.anu.edu.au> "What's New in WWW Asian Studies". 18 May 1997. In H-NET/KIAPS List for Japanese History <H-JAPAN@h-net.msu.edu> (19 May 1997).

Digital Equipment Corporation."AltaVista Search OnSite knowledge" (1997) AltaVista <http://altavista.digital.com/> (6 July 1997).

East J. <j.east@library.uq.edu.au> National Library Catalogues Worldwide revised 10 July 1997 <http://www.uq.edu.au/~mljeast/> (11 July 1997).

Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) "National Library of Education ERIC FAQs" 4/30/97 <http://www.aspensys.com/eric/faq.html  or http://ericae2.educ.cua.edu/> (4 July 1994).

Excite "What can I search?" Excite Help Search Help. 1995-7 <http://www.excite.com/Info/searching.html?a-tip-t> (10 July 1997).

Foster, Geoff (1994). "Fishing with the net for research data." British Journal of Educational Technology, v25 n2 p91-97.
Goodwin, J. <jan@csua1.cs.ucla.edu> "Re: H-Japan (E): The Net and Scholarship: Print publisher hostility to Internet?" May 6, 1997 In newsgroup <H-JAPAN@h-net.msu.edu> (7 May 1997).

Guernsey, L. "Cyberspace Citations." Chronicle of Higher Education 12 Jan. 1996: A18,20.

Harnack, A. & Kleppinger, G. “Beyond the MLA Handbook: Documenting Electronic Sources on the Internet” 25 November 1996 <http://falcon.eku.edu/honors/beyond-mla/> (10 June 1997).

L-Soft list server at Michigan State University /owner-H-CLC@MSU.EDU <LISTSERV@msu.edu> "Usage guidelines for H-CLC" WELCOME TO H-CLC. 22 May 97. "L-Soft list server at Michigan State University (1.8b)" (6 July 1997).

Kansas City Public Library (page reviewed by Marilyn Pedram) "Introduction to Search Engines." Rev. Jan 30 1997 <http://www.kcpl.lib.mo.us/search/srchengines.htm> (10 July 1997).

Kjaer T. (1996). Starting out on the Internet. Singapore: B & Q Partnership.

McGee, M. C. <mmcgee@blue.weeg.uiowa.edu> “APA declares war on the Internet” quoted in Ciolek, Matthew T. <tmciolek@coombs.anu.edu.au> The Net and Scholarship: Print publisher hostility to Internet? May 4, 1997 <H-JAPAN@h-net.msu.edu> (5 May 1997).

NUKOP Online service <nukop@soton.ac.uk> "Official Publications Online Web Service"  <http://www.soton.ac.uk/~nukop/index.html>

Selden M. <ms44@cornell.edu> "the future is now" in H-Japan Editor <j-edit@h-net.msu.edu> The Internet and Scholarship (3 responses)" May 7, 1997 <H-JAPAN@h-net.msu.edu> (7 May 1997).

Stanley L. (Ed.). Sociological Research Online. 1996. <http://www.socresonline.org.uk/socresonline/> (12 July 1997).
Villa, B. <bvilla@uottawa.ca> "Re: H-Japan (E): The Net and Scholarship: Print publisher hostility to Internet?" May 5, 1997 <H-JAPAN@h-net.msu.edu> (5 May 1997).

Walker, J. R. <jwalker@chuma.cas.usf.edu> "MLA-Style Citations of Electronic Sources." Re: MLA-Style Citations. Ver. 1.0, Rev. Apr. 1995. <http://www.cas.usf.edu/english/walker/mla.html> (7 Feb. 1996).

Wired Digital Inc. "Wired magazine online" (1994-97) http://wwww.wired.com/wired/ (9 July 1997).




 

APPENDIX - HOW TO CITE FROM THE INTERNET
These citation forms have been used as far as possible in the reference section of this paper.

1. FTP (File Transfer Protocol) Sites
To cite files for downloading via ftp, provide the following information:
          the author's name (if known)
          the full title of the document in quotation marks
          the date of publication (if available)
          the abbreviation ftp
          the address of the ftp site, with no closing punctuation
          the full path to follow to find the paper, with no closing punctuation
          the date of access in parentheses
Model:
Bruckman, Amy. "Approaches to Managing Deviant Behavior in Virtual Communities." ftp ftp.media.mit.edu pub/asb/papers/deviance-chi-94  (4 Dec. 1994).
Note- A URL, enclosed in angle brackets, may be used instead of the command-pathway elements
Model:
Bruckman, Amy. "Approaches to Managing Deviant Behavior in Virtual Communities." <ftp://ftp.media.mit.edu/pub/asb/papers/deviance-chi-94> (4 Dec. 1994).

2. World Wide Web (WWW) Sites
To cite files available for viewing/downloading via the World Wide Web by means of Lynx, Netscape, or other Web browsers, provide the following information:
          the author's name (if known)
          the full title of the document in quotation marks
          the title of the complete work if applicable in italics
          the date of publication or last revision (if available)
          the full http address (URL) enclosed within angle brackets
          the date of visit in parentheses
Model:
Burka, Lauren P.  "A Hypertext History of Multi-User Dimensions."
     MUD History. 1993.  <http://www.ccs.neu.edu/home/1pb/mud-history.html>
     (5 Dec. 1994).

3. Telnet Sites
To cite telnet sites and files available via the telnet protocol, provide the following information:
          the author's name (if known)
          the title of the document (if shown) in quotation marks
          the title of the full work if applicable in italics
          the date of publication (if available), followed by a period
          the complete telnet address, with no closing punctuation
          directions to access the publication
          the date of visit in parentheses
Model:
Gomes, Lee.  "Xerox's On-Line Neighborhood: A Great Place to Visit."  Mercury News. 3 May 1992.  telnet lamba.parc.xerox.com 8888, @go #50827, press 13 (5 Dec. 1994).

4. Synchronous Communications
To cite synchronous communications such as those posted in MOOs, MUDs, IRCs, etc., provide the following information:
          the name of the speaker(s) (if known)
          type of communication (i.e., Group Discussion, Personal Interview)
          the address if applicable
          the date in parentheses
Models:
Harnack, Andrew.  Group Discussion.  telnet moo.du.org/port=8888 (4 Apr. 1996). WorldMOO Christmas Party.  telnet world.sensemedia.net 1234 (24 Dec. 1994).

5. GOPHER Sites
To cite information obtained by using gopher search protocols, provide the following information:
          the author's name
          the title of the document in quotation marks
          any print publication information, italicized where appropriate
          the gopher path followed to access the information, with slashes to indicate menu selections, or full http address (URL) enclosed
          within angle brackets
          the date of access in parentheses
Model:
Quittner, Joshua.  "Far Out: Welcome to Their World Built of MUD."
     Published in Newsday 7 Nov. 1993.  gopher University of
     Koeln/About MUDs, MOOs, and MUSEs in Education/Selected Papers/newsday
     (5 Dec. 1994).

6. Listserv messages
To cite information posted on listservs, provide the following information:
          the author's name (if known)
          the author's e-mail address, enclosed in angle brackets
          the subject line from the posting in quotation marks
          the date of publication
          the address of the listserv, enclosed in angle brackets
          the date of access in parentheses
Model:
Seabrook, Richard H. C. <seabrook@clark.net> "Community and Progress."  22 Jan. 1994.  <cybermind@jefferson.village.virginia.edu> (22 Jan. 1994).

To cite a file archived at a listserv or Web address, provide the following information after the publication date:
          the list address (rather than a particular message-author's address) as the source of a list message, enclosed in angle brackets
          the appropriate address for the list's archive (indicated by via), enclosed in angle brackets
          the date of access in parentheses
Model:
Seabrook, Richard H. C. <seabrook@clark.net> "Community and Progress." 22 Jan. 1994.  <cybermind@jefferson.village.virginia.edu>
 via <listserv@jefferson.village.edu> (29 Jan. 1994).

7. Newsgroup (USENET) messages
To cite information posted by participants in newsgroup discussions, provide the following information:
          the author's name (if known)
          the author's e-mail address, enclosed in angle brackets
          the subject line from the posting in quotation marks
          the date of publication
          the name of the newsgroup, enclosed in angle brackets
          the date of access in parentheses
Model:
Slade, Robert.  <res@maths.bath.ac.uk> "UNIX Made Easy."  26 Mar. 1996. <alt.books.reviews> (31 Mar. 1996).

8. E-mail messages
To cite electronic mail correspondence, provide the following information:
          the author's name
          the author's e-mail address, enclosed in angle brackets
          the subject line from the posting in quotation marks
          the date of publication
          the kind of communication (i.e., personal e-mail, distribution list, office communication)
          the date of access in parentheses
Model:
Franke, Norman.  <franke1@llnl.gov>  "SoundApp 2.0.2."
     29 Apr. 1996.  Personal e-mail.  (3 May 1996).

9. Linkage data
To cite a specific file and provide additional information concerning its contextual linkage, provide the following:

          the author's name (if known)
          the title of the document
          linkage to linked site by using the abbreviation Lkd. (meaning "linked from")
          the title of the source document to which it is linked, in italics
          additional linkage details, if applicable, prefaced with the word at
          the URL for the source document, enclosed in angle brackets
          the date of access in parentheses
Model:
Miller, Allison.  "Allison Miller's Home Page."  Lkd. EKU Honors Program
     Home Page, at "Personal Pages." <http://www.cwsc.edu/honors>
     (11 Nov. 1995).

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
 

            
  
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